Dr Naresh kumar Goyal Heart Failure Understanding Heart Failure: A Closer Look at the Indian Scenario

Understanding Heart Failure: A Closer Look at the Indian Scenario

heart failure Doctor

Heart failure in the present scenario impacts millions of people globally and is a major issue in cardiology. Heart failure poses a serious healthcare burden and is becoming more common in India,  With over 20 years of interventional cardiology experience and specialized training at AIIMS, it is critical to throw light on the rising incidence of heart failure in the Indian population.

By Dr. Naresh Goyal, HOD Cardiology and Heart Failure at Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh, Delhi

Best Cardiologist Doctor in Delhi  | Heart Failure Doctor

There is a huge rise In Heart Failure in India  and below are the factors affecting  –

  • Epidemiological Transition:

India’s epidemiological landscape has shifted dramatically throughout the years. An increase In  Cardiovascular Disorders like Heart Failure is due to an increase in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This is because of changes in lifestyle, food choices, and urbanization.

  • Aging Population:

With an aging population, India is going through a demographic change. As Life expectancy is increased so will the prevalence of heart failure. Aging is frequently accompanied by other risk factors such as hypertension and coronary artery disease, aggravating the heart failure scenario.

  • Uncontrolled Risk Factors:

  • Several risk factors contribute to the increased incidence of heart failure in India. High blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, and insufficient physical exercise are common risk factors that remain uncontrolled in a large section of the population. Poorly managed risk factors considerably contribute to the burden of heart failure.
  • Lack of Awareness and Early Detection:

  • In India, awareness of heart failure and its early symptoms remains poor. Delayed diagnosis and therapy can exacerbate patients’ prognoses. To address this issue increasing public awareness and education about the signs and symptoms of heart failure are critical.

Taking Care of the Heart Failure Crisis

  • Encouragement of Preventive Measures:

Prevention is critical in reducing the occurrence of heart failure. To lower the chance of developing heart failure, Promoting a healthy lifestyle, frequent physical activity, a well-balanced diet, and quitting smoking will help.

  • Management and Early Detection:

Improving outcomes for heart failure patients requires prompt diagnosis and proper management. Regular health check-ups can help with early detection and timely intervention, particularly for people with risk factors

  • Patient Education:

  • It is important to educate patients with heart Disease or Heart failure- about the disease, symptoms, the importance of Regular medicine intake, and Lifestyle management. Patients who are well-educated are more likely to manage their condition efficiently and seek timely medical attention.
  • Technological breakthroughs and Research:

  • Continuous research and the incorporation of technological breakthroughs, such as AI-driven diagnostic tools and individualized treatment techniques, have the potential to change heart failure therapy.


As a seasoned practitioner with extensive experience in interventional cardiology and a solid foundation from AIIMS, it is apparent that tackling India’s escalating prevalence of heart failure necessitates a multifaceted strategy. We can achieve the goal of minimizing the Heart Failure incidence in India by joining hands with and making it a team effort that includes Medical professionals, NGOs, and General Public representatives and offers the nation a Heart-conscious healthier population.

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