Cardiology is the study and practice of treating heart and blood vascular conditions. A cardiologist may be recommended for a patient with heart illness or cardiovascular disease.
A subspecialty of internal medicine is cardiology. A cardiac surgeon is not the same thing as a cardiologist. A cardiac surgeon makes an incision in the chest to operate on the heart.
An expert in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular problems is a cardiologist. The cardiologist will conduct testing and maybe carry out various treatments like pacemaker insertion, angioplasty, or heart catheterization.
Cardiovascular illness affects the heart, blood arteries, or both, whereas heart disease is primarily related to the heart.
A person's doctor could recommend them to a cardiologist if they exhibit signs of a heart issue.
Chest pains, fainting, shortness of breath, dizziness, and changes in heart rhythm are all signs of a cardiac condition.
Blood pressure problems
A cardiologist can undertake tests to detect a cardiac murmur or an abnormal heart rhythm.
They frequently treat patients who have had a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart problems.
They participate in the decision-making process for cardiac catheterization, angioplasty, and stenting.
A cardiologist can assist with a variety of heart conditions, including atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease, and congestive heart disease.
A cardiologist can advise you on how to avoid heart disease.
Even if there are no symptoms, anyone who has a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol, is or has been a smoker, has diabetes or is starting a new exercise programme should see a cardiologist.
A cardiologist will perform a physical exam and review the patient's medical history.
They may perform tests on the person's weight, heart, lungs, blood pressure, and blood vessels.
An interventional cardiologist may perform treatments such as angioplasties, stenting, valvuloplasties, and correction of congenital heart defects.
They may also perform or order the following tests:
The electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) - is a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart.
TMT: This measures heart rhythms when a person exercises or goes about their daily activities. Small metal electrodes are placed on the chest and connected to a Holter monitor, which records the heartbeats.
An exercise test, often known as a stress test, measures changes in heart rhythm when resting and exercising. It evaluates the performance and limitations of the heart.
Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram offers an ultrasound image of the structure of the heart chambers and surrounding areas, as well as information about how well the heart is functioning.
Echocardiography can measure cardiac output, or how well the heart pumps blood. It is capable of detecting pericarditis, or inflammation around the heart. It can aid in the detection of structural issues or heart valve infections.
Cardiac catheterization involves inserting a tiny tube into or near the heart to collect data and possibly alleviate a blockage It can take pictures and test the functionality of the heart and electrical system. Fluoroscopic catheter-based procedures can be used to treat congenital cardiac, valvular, and coronary artery diseases.
Nuclear cardiology: noninvasive nuclear imaging techniques use radioactive materials to research circulatory abnormalities and diseases
Patients are frequently referred to a cardiologist by their doctor, however, they may want to choose their specialist or be suggested by relatives or friends.